Optical power monitors in Ge monolithically integrated on SOI chips
L. Colace, V. Sorianello, M. Romagnoli, L. Socci, G. Assanto
Microelectronic Engineering 88, 514–517 (2011)
Abstract:We report on the fabrication and operation of optical power monitors monolithically integrated on silicon-on-insulator optical chips. The devices consist of near-infrared waveguide pn heterojunction photodiodes in evaporated germanium. The low temperature growth of Ge is compatible with silicon waveguide technology. The photodetectors exhibit typical responsivities of 10–30 mA/W; the power monitors are used with front-end trans-impedance amplifiers based on commercially available operational amplifiers and can operate with optical signals as small as 10 nW, with errors below 0.2% and 2% at 1 and 0.1 MuW, respectively.