Prism coupling into ZnS waveguides: a classic example of a nonlinear coupler

G. Assanto, B. Svensson, D. Kuchibhatla, U. J. Gibson, C. T. Seaton, and G. I . Stegeman

Opt. Lett. 11, 644-646 (1986)


Prism coupling of an argon laser into a nonlinear ZnS waveguide was investigated for power slew rates much less than the nonlinearity relaxation time. The angular variation in coupling efficiency becomes progressively more asymmetric with increasing power until switching occurs on one side of the curve. For large detunings on the switching side, increasing absorption bistability was observed.