Transient-mode excitation, terahertz generation and wavelength shifting in a photonic band gap

A. Di Falco, C. Conti, and G. Assanto

Appl. Phys. B 81, 415-420 (2005)


Dynamic responses of photonic crystal microcavities in nonlinear media are analyzed via both a finitedifference code and coupled-mode theory in the time domain. Optical frequency generation in both second- and third-order nonlinear materials is demonstrated based on the transient evolution of cavity modes. Terahertz waves can be generated in quadratically nonlinear crystals by optical rectification, whereas state generation inside the band gap can be linked to a Rabi-like splitting in cubic media. An all-optical ultra-fast wavelength shifter is proposed.