Impedance matching in photonic crystal microcavities for second-harmonic generation

A. Di Falco, C. Conti, and G. Assanto

Opt. Lett. 31, 250-252 (2006)


By numerically integrating the three-dimensional Maxwell equations in the time domain with reference to a dispersive quadratically nonlinear material, we study second-harmonic generation in planar photonic crystal microresonators. The proposed scheme allows efficient coupling of the pump radiation to the defect resonant mode. The outcoupled generated second harmonic is maximized by impedance matching the photonic crystal cavity to the output waveguide.